Phonological Processing

Phonological Processing Checklist: Why is it important?

Phonological processing refers to the ability to distinguish and process sounds in spoken words. It is often confused with hearing acuity, but it’s separate to hearing in that the problem is not with the ear. Individuals with phonological processing difficulties often have average hearing, but can have trouble processing sound properties of words within the brain, and can take longer to do so. These skills are needed for the development of reading skills, as it is necessary to first be able to detect sounds in spoken words in order to map them onto symbols (letters) in written words. Phonological processing skills are also needed to detect and correctly store sequences of sounds in new vocabulary, as well as retrieve known words when speaking.

This checklist does not provide any kind of diagnosis. However, children who display many of the below traits may be at risk of reading / spelling failure and may need further assessment by a trained professional.

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You might also find my post on how to identify working memory difficulties helpful.