What is dyslexia?
The word ‘dyslexia’ comes from the Greek language. Dys means ‘problem with’ and lexia means ‘words’.
Through modern brain imagery techniques, neuroscience has been able to prove that people with dyslexia process information differently due to structural differences within their brains. When reading, people with dyslexia use different areas of the brain compared to people who are not dyslexic. There is no link between dyslexia and intelligence. Dyslexia can affect people of all abilities, which means highly intelligent people can have dyslexia.
Dyslexia is not a disease, and therefore cannot be cured, however, effective teaching can make it possible for people with dyslexia to learn to read and write. Dyslexia affects many aspects of and individual’s life, however reading and writing tend to be most affected as they are incredibly complex and difficult skills for any human brain to master. People with dyslexia can also have difficulties with maths, following instructions, auditory memory, organisation, patterns and sequences, remembering rote learned facts, such as times tables, and word finding.